Sex differences and personality factors in responsivity to pain pdf

Sex differences and personality factors in responsivity to pain pdf
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing body of literature investigating sex differences with regard to pain, surprisingly little research has been conducted on the influence of various aspects of self-identity, including gender expression and sexual orientation, on pain sensitivity within each sex, …
People vary in personality and social behavior. It is generally accepted that some of this variation is due to differences in genes and some to “environment”—that is, to differences in people’s experiences.
Differences are greater for under-responsivity (for example, walking into things) than for over-responsivity (for example, distress from loud noises) Multivariate analysis of covariance (1,001 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

The book discusses the three major dimensions of personality (extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism) and the major theories of the underlying psychophysiological causes for the observed differences in behavior; and the theory of anxiety. The text also describes the measures of individual differences in habituation of physiological responses; the perspectives on pain; the cortical
Empirical research supports the existence of sex differences in pain; yet these differences are poorly understood. Although biological mechanisms have been posited to explain variability, results of pain modeling manipulations suggest social learning may be a stronger influence on pain response.
borderline personality disorder may feel angry and distressed over minor separations—such as vacations, business trips, or sudden changes of plans—from people to whom they feel close.
Substance Use in Women . Summary . Women and men may face unique issues when it comes to substance use, as a result of both sex and gender. Sex differences result from biology, or being genetically female or male, while gender differences are based on culturally defined roles for men and women, as well as those who feel uncomfortable identifying with either category; such roles influence …
title = “Psychosocial mediators of sex differences in pain responsivity”, abstract = “The objective of this study was to examine gender role and primary pain appraisal as mediators of the relation between sex and pain responsivity in experimental pain.
Using the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk for Youth (SAVRY)) in three probation officies to measure both risk level and dynamic risk factors (criminogenic needs), we examined whether within a large sample of youth there were gender differences in the (a) criminogenic needs identified, (b) ability of probation officers (POs) to match services to needs in their case planning and (c) the
Abstract. Sex differences in heat-pain and thermal sensitivity were investigated in 32 women (20 to 60 years of age) and 32 men (17 to 63 years of age) who had no somatosensory impairments.
ii . Abstract . Past research on malevolent personalities has centered on subclinical psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism, which together comprise the Dark Triad of personality.

Gender differences in depression The British Journal of

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Specific responsivity calls for treatment interventions to consider personal strengths and socio-biological-personality factors. Treatment should then be tailored to these factors, as they have the potential to facilitate or hinder treatment.
Conclusions: The results suggest that sex differences in catastrophizing and pain responsivity are partially accounted for by the dispositional tendency to describe oneself as emotionally vulnerable. The findings also suggest that pain catastrophizing may be situational as well as dispositional.
To review putative risk factors leading to gender differences in depressive disorders. Method A critical review of the literature, dealing separately with artefactual and genuine determinants of gender differences in depressive disorders.
Psychosocial Mediators of Sex Differences in Pain Responsivity Stacy D. Sanford,* Brian C. Kersh,* Beverly E. Thorn,* Martha Anne Rich,* and L. Charles Ward† Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine gender role and primary pain appraisal as
Author Information. Institute of Education, University of London * Gillian Bendelow, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, 18 Woburn Sq., London WC1H ONT
Day, M., Halpin, J., & Thorn, B.E. (2016) An Empirical Examination of the role of Common Factors of Therapy during a Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Intervention for Headache Pain. Clinical Journal of Pain .


Personality Factors in the Explanation of Sex Differences in Pain Catastrophizing and Response to Experimental Pain Article in Clinical Journal of Pain 20(5):275-82 · September 2004 with 63 Reads
Seeman (1985) further states that gender differences may be attributed to more severe roles stresses on males and social protective factors in females. Estrogen hypothesis The presence of estrogen has been hypothesized to protect women from the early onset of the severe symptoms of schizophrenia.
Past research has found consistent sex differences in pain responsivity.6, 7, 13, 15, 18 Women report experimental pain as more intense than men do and have lower pain tolerance relative to men, with effect sizes often ranging from moderate to large. 21 Also, many clinical pain conditions have a higher prevalence in women than in men. 7 Thus


Results: Although differences in pain sensitivity between women and men are partly attributable to social conditioning and to psychosocial factors, many laboratory studies of humans have described sex differences in sensitivity to noxious stimuli, suggesting that biological mechanisms underlie such differences.
factors. In recent years sex differences in responses to pain have received increased attention. Purpose of study was to determine sex differences in experimental pain response. For this study cold pressor test was used to exert experimental pain. 100 medical students (50 boys and 50 girls) participated in study. Subject was asked to submit his hand into container with ice water. Radial …
Relationships among Anxious Symptomatology, Anxiety Sensitivity and Laboratory Pain Responsivity in Children Jennie C. I. Tsao, Qian Lu, Su C. Kim and Lonnie K. Zeltzer
SanfordSD,KershBC,ThornBE,RichMA,WardLC.Psychosocial mediators of sex differences in pain responsivity. (2007). sex and gender differences in pain and analgesia: a consensus report. Pain.
Read “Gender Differences in Pain and Pain Behavior: The Role of Catastrophizing, Cognitive Therapy and Research” on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Sex Differences in the Relationship Between Maternal Negative Life Events and Children’s Laboratory Pain Responsivity Subhadra Evans, PhD, Jennie C. I. Tsao, PhD, Qian Lu, MD, PhD, Su C. Kim, MSc,
Also, differences in responsivity to pharmacological and non-pharmacological pain interventions have been observed; however, these effects are not always consistent and appear dependent on treatment type and characteristics of both the pain and the provider. Although the specific aetiological basis underlying these sex differences is unknown, it seems inevitable that multiple biological and
Sex differences and personality factors in responsivity to pain Otto, Otto; Dougher, Dougher Gender role expectations of pain: relationship to sex differences in pain
Sex and Health There are biological differences between men and women that lead to differential health outcomes Differences in perinatal mortality – female infants
to displaying differences in pain thresholds depending on the professional status of the experimenter and also demonstrate the interaction between sex/gender and professional status.

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From early life to adulthood, gonadal steroids can differentially affect the HPA axis, resulting in sex differences in the responsivity of this axis. The HPA axis influences many physiological functions making an organism’s response to changes in the environment appropriate for its reproductive status. Although the acute HPA response to stressors is a beneficial response, constant activation
The significant difference in these three VOIs can not be attributed to a differential response to either the warm (40°C) or the painful (50°C) stimuli, as the statistical comparison of the mean CBF of male warm vs. female warm and male pain vs. female pain did not reveal any significant gender differences …
Despite these alarming numbers, little is known about the risk and resilience factors in the precipitation and perpetuation of paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there were sex- or hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responsivity differences in paclitaxel-induced mechanical hypersensitivity.
A number of factors have been identified as generally reliable predictors of individualud differences in responses to acute pain (e. g. sex, personality traits and cultural affiliation).ud These factors constitute relatively stable, long-term characteristics of an individual.ud However, there is
The objective of this study was to examine gender role and primary pain appraisal as mediators of the relation between sex and pain responsivity in experimental pain.
Gender diflerences in personality 305 ample for the dynamic interaction of biogenetical and psychosocial factors in human development. Biological (i.e. …

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Abstract. This research explores the relationship between perceptions of pain and the social characteristics of the individual, with a focus on the role of gender in the process, with an emphasis on the meaning of ‘lay’ understanding of the phenomena of pain.
Two factors appear to mediate the relationship between pain and depression: the perception of patients regarding the effects of pain on their lives and the perception of their ability to exercise some control over their pain [10]. The factors described by Gatchel et al. [10] are comparable to the pain beliefs assessed in the present study. In other words, those who suffer from pain but
Cultural Aspects of Pain Management by Marcia Carteret, M. Ed. Nov 2, 2010 Even though the assessment and treatment of pain is a universally important health care issue, modern medicine still has no accurate way of measuring it.
Sex differences in pain: a brief review of clinical and experimental findings E. J. Bartley* and R. B. Fillingim Pain Research and Intervention Center of Excellence, University of Florida, 1395 Center Drive, Room D2-148, PO Box 100404, Gainesville,
Recent years have witnessed substantially increased research regarding sex differences in pain. The expansive body of literature in this area clearly suggests that men and women differ in their responses to pain, with increased pain sensitivity and risk for clinical pain commonly being observed among women.
1. Percept Mot Skills. 1985 Oct;61(2):383-90. Sex differences and personality factors in responsivity to pain. Otto MW, Dougher MJ. This study investigated the relationship between measured levels of masculinity-femininity, social desirability, and responsivity to pain in men and women.
on sex-related differences and pain are that the experimen- tal and clinical evidence seem to conflict. In addition, Sex differences and personality factors in responsivity to pain. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1985161:383-390. 5. Dubreuil D, Kohn P: Reactivity and response to pain. Personafity end Individual Differences 1986;7:907-909. 6. Feine JS, Bushnell MC, Miron D, et ah Sex

Gender role expectations of pain Relationship to sex


Sex differences in pain perception ScienceDirect

New to this edition, Personality and the Brain coverage throughout the text shows readers how cutting-edge advances in neuroscience inform all aspects of personality theory and research. Cervone and Pervins, 13th edition provides uniquely up-to-date coverage of contemporary personality science while continuing to ground the student in the field’s classic, and contemporary, theoretical statements.
n biological theories of personality attempt to explain differences in behaviour in terms of differences in physiology, particularly brain function; n research in behavioural genetics has permitted the examination of both genetic and environmental factors in
Beyond artefactual factors, what might be ‘real’ determinants of gender differences? The emergence of a female preponderance in clinical depression in late childhood or early adolescence could reflect (1) sex role changes, (2) social factors, and/or (3) biological factors.

Paper The Role of Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis


Sex differences in pain a brief review of clinical and

THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOANALYSIS !35:169-174 (1975) THE GREAT COMEDIANS: PERSONALITY AND OTHER FACTORS Samuel S. Janus The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between comedians and their
The goals of this study were (a) to explore beliefs about appropriate or normative pain responses among college students in the United States and India and (b) to examine differences in pain tolerance and intensity ratings and the role beliefs play in predicting pain tolerance.
PERSPECTIVE: The present study highlights sex differences in the links among parent and child anxiety sensitivity (fear of anxiety sensations) and children’s experimental pain responses. Among girls, childhood learning history related to somatic symptoms may be a particularly salient factor in the development of anxiety sensitivity and pain responsivity.
loud sounds) over-responsivity, as these subscales had a low correlation, differed in their gender distributions, and showed different patterns of heritability.
Recent developments in personality theory have suggested that five factors underlie normal personality and that these can be found in previously reported measures of personality.
In one study, applied forearm ischemia, produced by use of the submaximal-effort tourniquet procedure, was used as a pain model. 8 x 8 Maixner, W and Humphrey, C. Gender differences in pain and cardiovascular responses to forearm ischemia.

Gender differences in aggression of borderline personality

A comparative method of studying the biological bases of personality compares human trait dimensions with likely animal models in terms of genetic determination and common biological correlates.
These findings highlight the potential advantage of considering batteries of personality factors and measurements of expectation in predicting placebo and nocebo effects related to experimental acute pain.
This research examined gender differences in catastrophizing and pain in 80 healthy students (42 women, 38 men) who participated in an experimental pain procedure. Participants completed the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS; Sullivan, Bishop & Pivik, 1995) prior to immersing one arm in ice water for
ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH Science Press Zoological Research 36(2): 103-108, 2015 103 Sex differences in morphine-induced behavioral sensitization and social behaviors in ICR mice
and there would not be significant differences among clinician and self-report; (b) the traits proposed in the DSM-5 would have a stronger relationship with Factor 1 characteristics of psychopathy as outlined in the PCL-R; and (c) the new personality trait measures would
Sex differences in the relationship between maternal negative life events and children’s laboratory pain responsivity Evans, Subhadra, Tsao, Jennie C. I., Lu, Qian, Kim, Su C., Turk, Norman, Myers, Cynthia D. and Zeltzer, Lonnie K. 2009, Sex differences in the relationship between maternal negative life events and children’s laboratory pain
This study investigated the relationship between measured levels of masculinity-femininity, social desirability, and responsivity to pain in men and women.
Aggression is a core feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Well-replicated results from the general population indicate that men engage in aggression more frequently than women.
whether the differences are better described as responsivity targets, i.e. if needs such as parental stress, self-esteem and unhealthy relationships are not addressed it will not be possible to address dynamic risk factors.


Abstract. Objective. This review highlights research on sex-based differences in pain perception and treatment. We sought to illuminate the complex factors contributing to differences in pain and analgesic responses between males and females, ranging from psychosocial to biological processes.
From Figure I, it is clear Uncorrected Corrected that there were no sex differences in either the phasic or Hand Foot Hand Foot the tonic pain thresholds, and that this was true on both Phasic pain 0.18 0.31 0.10 0.18 the hand and the foot (phasic pain-hand, p = .657, foot, Tonic pain -0.16 -0.06 -0.14 -0.02 p = .247; tonic pain-hand,p = .675, = .811). The Warmth 0.32 2.15 <0.01 0.61 Cold 0.10
Factors Affecting Polygraph Examination Validity. Chapter 6 Factors Affecting Polygraph Examination Validity INTRODUCTION The analyses of both field and analog studies reported in chapters 4 and 5 indicate that there is considerable variability in accuracy rates of polygraph examinations. To interpret these varia-tions, numerous factors, such as the restricted range of …
Background: Pain is reported in approximately 50–70% of cancer patients. Studies on gender differences in perceived pain generally report lower pain thresholds and increased pain prevalence in women, which may be attributed to gender-specific behaviors, stereotypes, and unknown etiological factors.
Furthermore, catastrophizing appears to mediate sex differences in pain responsivity; 76 however, it has been suggested that the effect of catastrophizing on sex differences in pain may be modulated by other factors such as personality disposition. 6 A lower degree of self-efficacy has been found to be associated with higher levels of pain and physical symptomatology. 77 Other evidence has
The Heritability of Attitudes: A Study of Twins James M. Olson, Philip A. Vernon, and Julie Aitken Harris University of Western Ontario Kerry L. Jang University of British Columbia The genetic basis of individual differences in attitudes was examined in a survey of 195 pairs of monozygotic twins and 141 pairs of same-sex dizygotic twins. A principal components analysis of the 30 attitude items
Ultimately, two main higher order dimensions, emotional responsivity and proneness to aggression, repeatedly emerged in a series of second-order factor analysis. These dimensions are rather similar to two of the big five factors of personality: neuroticism/emotinal stability and hostility/agreeableness, respectively. Several studies corroborate the plausibility of a higher level bidimensional


While there is still controversy over differences in prevalence rates of BPD in men and women, there is overwhelming evidence for the prediction from LHT suggesting that men show more aggressive and noncompliant behavior (akin to antisocial personality traits), whereas women more often show signs of internalizing behavior, including signs of depression and anxiety [101, 102].
The present research suggests that in addition to individual differences in gender roles, sex-related pain differences may also be affected by contextual factors associated with gender. This possibility is consistent with the theorizing of Bem (1974, 1975, 1981, 1984) in that gender roles
age of victim (adult vs. child), gender of victim, nature of offense (e.g., contact vs. noncontact offense), or level of fixation (i.e., how intense and exclusive is the interest in deviant sexual behavior).

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Does gender affect self-perceived pain in cancer patients

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